This was particularly prevalent among middle-aged and older adults. In particular, participants were told that the memory itself had to be one that they were certain they remembered. It should not be based on, for example, a family photograph, family story, or any source other than direct experience. As many of these memories dated before the age of 2 and younger, the authors suggest that these fictional memories are based on remembered fragments of early experience — such as a pram or stroller , family relationships and feeling sad — and some facts or knowledge about their own infancy or childhood which may have been derived from photographs or family conversations. Akhtar and colleagues found that fictional very early memories were more common in middle-aged and older adults and about 4 in 10 of this group have fictional memories for infancy. Additional coauthors on the study include Lucy V.
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Since , the Institute of Psychology has organized the international Wertheimer Research Colloquium which, in line with its interdisciplinary focus, strives to link the cognitive and neurophysiological aspects of psychological concepts. Max Wertheimer , born in Prague, began his academic career in Frankfurt am Main. From to he worked at the Psychological Institute there and conducted pioneering experiments in the perception of motion. The roots of Gestalt psychology date back to precisely this time in Frankfurt: In , Wertheimer published his famous essay on apparent and real motion. With this main tenet of Gestalt psychology Wertheimer radically questioned the theory of structuralism prevalent at that time and thus also that of behaviourism. Apart from Gestalt theory, Wertheimer concerned himself with other scientific fields during the course of his academic life, such as law and ethics, neurobiology and medical psychology, art, education and anthropology.
Many People’s Earliest Memories May Be Fictional
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